Pre-intermediate Lesson 1: Budget Cut

Pre-intermediate Lesson 1: Budget Cut




Writing
Should schools increase their budgets by selling food and drinks to students? (write at least 70 words).
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Make sentences using these words.


accounting- n. assignment- n. boss - n. budget - n. calm - adj. criminal- n. detective- n. email- n. fire - v.

go on - phrasal verb. gossip - v. lose - v. raise - n. résumé- n. rumor - n. scare - v. update – v. used to - v. 
videographer - n.

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Pre-intermediate Reading
Arctic wildfires visible from space
There are hundreds of wildfires all across the Arctic Circle, in Greenland, Siberia, Scandinavia and Alaska. The smoke can be seen from space. The Arctic is warming twice as fast as anywhere on Earth. It is also having its worst wildfire season ever. In Alaska, there are 400 fires out of control. The Greenland ice sheet has started melting a month earlier than usual. Meteorologists say the Arctic fires are unheard of (never happened before) in history.


Scientists say the fires could affect global warming. One explained what is causing the fires. He said: "Temperatures in the Arctic have been increasing at a much faster rate than the global average, and warmer conditions encourage fires to grow." Dry ground, lightning and strong winds caused the fires to spread. The methane below the ice is now on fire. This is releasing lots of CO2 into the atmosphere. The fires are destroying habitat and killing animals.


Fill the gaps using words from the passage.
1. The arctic circle includes ……….., ………., …….., , …………… and Alaska. The Arctic is …………... two times faster than anywhere on Earth. This year, ………. of the ice sheet has started earlier compared to the past. Scientists say that ……… are unusual. High temperatures in the Arctic result in warmer conditions, which in turn encourages ……………... . CO2 is released when …………... catches fire.




Speaking
Speaking Part 1 Topic: Hometown (1)


1. Where is your hometown? 

My hometown is a tiny village in …………….. It is about 40 kilometers away from any major city. Most people probably wouldn’t be able to find it on a map.

2. What do you like about it? 

I like how the people in my hometown are so friendly, and the way that everyone knows everyone. It’s a really close-knit community, which is hard to find in big cities.

3. What do you not like about it?

 I suppose my least favorite thing about it is that there aren’t too many fun things to do or see. It’s not the most exciting place, so sometimes I feel a little bored.

4. How important is your hometown to you? 

My hometown is very important to me, because that’s where my family lives. It’s where I come from, so it shapes a lot of who I am as a person. If I move away, I’ll likely be homesick for a while.

5. How has your hometown changed over the years?

 It has developed much better public transportation, such as the metro, which has really improved the overall accessibility of the city. There have also been measures undertaken to reduce pollution and crowds, so those problems have slightly improved. Improvements are still being made to the education system, as well.

6. Is there any way your hometown could be made better? 

I think one of the biggest issues in ………… is the pollution. The city does not have a good reputation surrounding this problem, and many citizens, young and old, have suffered a lot. More needs to be done to tackle this issue.

 
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